Until his death in NovemberFranco ruled Spain as "Caudillo by the grace of God," as his coins proclaimed. In addition to being generalissimo of the armed forces, he was both chief of state and head of government, the ultimate source of legitimate authority.
He arrived in early and stayed there largely without break until At age 33 Franco became the youngest general in all of Europe. He was then chosen to direct the newly formed General Military Academy in Zaragoza.
In the aftermath of the elections, winning Republican candidates passed measures that reduced the power and influence of the military, the Catholic Church, property-owning elites and other entrenched interests.
Franco, a known authoritarian rightist, was reprimanded for criticizing the actions of those in charge and sent to an out-of-the-way post near El Ferrol. Moreover, his General Military Academy was shut down. Nevertheless, Franco was brought back into the good graces of the government in when a center-right coalition won elections.
The following year he deployed troops from Morocco to Asturias in northern Spain to suppress a leftist revolt, an action that left some 4, dead and tens of thousands imprisoned. Meanwhile, street violence, political killings and general disorder were ramping up on both the right and the left.
In Franco became army chief of staff. When a leftist coalition won the next round of elections in Februaryhe and other military leaders began discussing a coup. Franco and the Spanish Civil War Banished to a remote post in the Canary Islands, Franco initially hesitated in his support of the military conspiracy.
On July 18,military officers launched a multipronged uprising that put them in control of most of the western half of the country. He also made contacts with Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, securing arms and other assistance that would continue throughout the duration of what became known as the Spanish Civil War He unified a base of support by securing the backing of the Catholic Church, combining the fascist and monarchist political parties, and dissolving all other political parties.
Meanwhile, on the way north, his men—who included fascist militia groups—machine-gunned hundreds or perhaps thousands of Republicans in the town of Badajoz. An additional tens of thousands of political prisoners would be executed by Nationalists later on in the fighting.
The internally divided Republicans, who murdered their own share of political opponents, could not stop the slow Nationalist advance despite support from the Soviet Union and International Brigades.
German and Italian bombardments helped the Nationalists conquer Basque lands and Asturias in Barcelona, the heart of Republican resistance, fell in Januaryand Madrid surrendered that March, effectively ending the conflict. Life Under Franco Many Republican figures fled the country in the wake of the civil war, and military tribunals were set up to try those who remained.
These tribunals sent thousands more Spaniards to their death, and Franco himself admitted in the mids that he had 26, political prisoners under lock and key. The Franco regime also essentially made Catholicism the only tolerated religion, banned the Catalan and Basque languages outside the home, forbade Catalan and Basque names for newborns, barred labor unions, promoted economic self-sufficiency policies and created a vast secret police network to spy on citizens.
Though he sympathized with the Axis powers, Franco largely stayed out of World War II but did send nearly 50, volunteers to fight alongside the Germans on the Soviet front. Franco also opened his ports to German submarines and invaded the internationally administered city of Tangier in Morocco.
Following the war, Spain faced diplomatic and economic isolation, but that began to thaw as the Cold War heated up. In Spain allowed the United States to construct three air bases and a naval base on its soil in return for military and economic aid. As Franco aged, he increasingly avoided daily political affairs, preferring instead to hunt and fish.
At the same time, police controls and press censorship began to relax, strikes and protests became more commonplace, some free-market reforms were introduced, tourism increased and Morocco gained its independence. Franco died on November 20,after suffering a series of heart attacks.
At his funeral, many mourners raised their arm in a fascist salute. Though Juan Carlos had spent a good deal of time alongside Franco and publicly supported the regime, he pressed for change immediately upon taking the throne, including the legalization of political parties.
The first post-Franco elections were held in Juneand, except for an hour-long coup attempt inSpain has remained democratic ever since.It was during the war when General Francisco Franco tried to save Spain from the conflicting forces that tried to torn her asunder.
And when the war was over, the new despot established a new Spanish government which will be known in history as the Francoist regime.
Francisco Franco governed Spain with an iron fist from to following the brutal civil war of to that had overthrown the monarchy and left Spain fragmented, disunited and impoverished after participating in the First World War.
He was a military man who had a leading role in the civil war and went on to form and lead a junta government; he was also a devout Catholic. One of Spain’s greatest leaders is none other than Francisco Franco, the person who led the destruction and defeat of the Republican regime.
He is an undisputed leader and dictator during his time, and was known to have established the “Spanish State,” the new term that defines the difference between his rule from that of monarchy and a. Francoist Spain has been often described by scholars as a "semi-fascist" or fascisticized regime, with an ever-changing ideology.
 Franco took control of Spain between the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War establishing a dictatorship, and , when Franco died and . Francisco Franco and the Francoist Regime Essay. A. Pages:8 Words This is just a sample. To get a unique essay It was during the war when General Francisco Franco tried to save Spain from the conflicting forces that tried to torn her asunder.
We will write a custom essay sample on Francisco Franco and the Francoist Regime. After the war ended in , Franco held complete control of Spain.
His regime was similar to a Fascist dictatorship. He carried out the functions of chief of state, prime minister, commander in chief, and leader of the Falange, the only permitted political party.
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