Introduction The Philippines is an archipelago of 7, islands with a land area ofsq.
Classification[ edit ] Traditional Filipino music is reflective of the country's history as a melting pot of different cultures. Among the dominant cultural strains noticeable today are Hispano-Mexican, American and to some extent Chinese, Indian and Islamic.
It is thus difficult to strictly classify the whole corpus of Philippine music as either Western or Eastern. A frequently used system is to classify it according to ethno-linguistic or cultural divisions: Vocal music[ edit ] A commonality is that vocal music is of significant import to every ethnic group in the country.
Although there is some music intended for dance, the best-preserved form of traditional music is that intended for the voice, with chanting epic poetry as having been the earliest form and later augmented by instrumental accompaniment.
Regarded to have a wide range, as most of them stretch more than Standards for philippine school libraries octavethey are still considered within the capacity of even an average singer. Linguistics of traditional music[ edit ] Borromeo also noted that one interesting feature of Western-influenced traditional music is that a tune is not bound to a particular language or dialect.
Filipina girls playing Philippine folk music The largest body of songs are those using the various vernacular languages, especially the eight major languages in the country. Many of the collected traditional songs have a translation in Filipino, the national language, but most scholars tend to ignore its existence.
Songs from the various minority languages rank second in recognition, while those in Spanish rank third. This does not include the closest local language to Spanish, called Chavacanowhich has a degree of mutual intelligibility with Castilian.
Dance music[ edit ] After vocal music, dance music is the next most important form of traditional Philippine music. As mentioned above, the best form of preserved music are those with lyricsand this is also true for music intended to accompany a dance. According to Francisca Reyes-Aquino, known for her voluminous collection of folk dancespeople watching the dance sing the songs in the same way that cheerers chant in a game.
This is very evident especially in songs where interjections Ay! Music falling under this category may be classified as those belonging to Christianised Groups, Muslim Groups, and the other Ethnic Groups.
Christianised groups[ edit ] As Christianity came to the Philippines through its Western conquerors, Dance Music classified as belonging to the Christianised Groups are somewhat related to Western music as well.
In a study by National Artist for Music Dr. Others use the " crotchet - minim " scheme, while others use the "dotted quaver - semiquaver - crotchet - quaver - quaver " scheme.
This type of music is generally recreational and, like traditional music from the West, is used for socialising.
It is important to note that stricter interpretations of Islam do not condone musical entertainment, and thus the musical genres among the Muslimised Filipinos cannot be considered "Islamic". Kulintang ensemble of the Mindanao people. Genres shares characteristics with other Southeast-Asian court and folk music: Generally, music falling under this category tells a story.
An example is the Singkilwhich relates an episode from the Darangen the Maranao version of the ancient Indian epic, the Ramayana. The dance recounts the story of Putri Gandingan Sita as she was saved by Rajahmuda Bantugan Rama from crashing rocks, represented by bamboo poles.
The Singkil is considered the most famous in the Philippines under this category for its perceived elegance, and is also performed by Filipinos from other ethnic groups throughout the country.
Music is related in war in some regions in the country, as it is a way to show the emotions of victory and defeat, as well as the resolution of conflict. Philippine music also depends on the biographical factors: Indigenous groups[ edit ] Like secular songs from the same group, this form of music has a sort of beat, even though it is hard to put it in a form of time signature.Gmail is email that's intuitive, efficient, and useful.
15 GB of storage, less spam, and mobile access. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. The school shall provide adequate funds for staffing and sufficient funds to acquire resources and supplies in support of the school library media center programs.
Standard VIII. public and special libraries) where students can be referred to for research and additional sources of information.5/5(2). For the information and guidance of all concerned, below is a copy of the Standards for Philippine Libraries to be adopted by all libraries nationwide.
The School of Library and Information Studies of the University of the Philippines or UP-SLIS is the oldest library school in the Philippines. Formally established in March as the Institute of Library Science, it can trace it roots to , making it one of the first library schools in Asia.
JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources.