Optic nerve imaging for glaucoma more frequently than once per year is considered not medically necessary. Accepted optic nerve and retinal imaging methods include the following:
The full guideline gives details of the methods and the evidence used to develop the guidance. The wording used in the recommendations in this guideline for example, words such as 'offer' and 'consider' denotes the certainty with which the recommendation is made the strength of the recommendation.
See about this guideline for details. These recommendations cover suspected and diagnosed melanoma. All recommendations relate to children, young people and adults unless specified otherwise. Information should be appropriate to the patients' needs at that point in their diagnosis and treatment, and should be repeated over time.
The information given must be specific to the histopathological type of lesion, type of treatment, local services and any choice within them, and should cover both physical and psychosocial issues. There should be equity of access to information and support regardless of where the care is delivered.
Assessing and managing atypical spitzoid lesions 1. Taking tumour samples for genetic testing 1. Possible advantages of sentinel lymph node biopsy Possible disadvantages of sentinel lymph node biopsy The operation helps to find out whether the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.
It is better than ultrasound scans at finding very small cancers in the lymph nodes. The purpose of the operation is not to cure the cancer.
There is no good evidence that people who have the operation live longer than people who do not have it. The operation can help predict what might happen in the future.
The result needs to be interpreted with caution. Of every people who have a negative sentinel lymph node biopsy, around 3 will subsequently develop a recurrence in the same group of lymph nodes.
People who have had the operation may be able to take part in clinical trials of new treatments for melanoma. These trials often cannot accept people who haven't had this operation. A general anaesthetic is needed for the operation. The operation results in complications in between 4 and 10 out of every people who have it.
Possible advantages of completion lymphadenectomy Possible disadvantages of completion lymphadenectomy Removing the rest of the lymph nodes before cancer develops in them reduces the chance of the cancer returning in the same part of the body.
The operation is less complicated and safer than waiting until cancer develops in the remaining lymph nodes and then removing them. In 4 out of 5 people, cancer will not develop in the remaining lymph nodes, so there is a chance that the operation will have been done unnecessarily.
People who have had the operation may be able to take part in clinical trials of new treatments to prevent future melanoma. These trials often cannot accept people who have not had this operation.
There is no evidence that people who have this operation live longer than people who do not have it. Having any operation can cause complications. Lymph node dissection 1.ASCO’s growing roster of cutting-edge journals serves readers as the most credible, authoritative, peer-reviewed resources for significant clinical oncology research and research that informs the delivery of efficient, high-quality cancer care across the globe.
There are few widely acknowledged quality standards for research practice, and few definitions of what constitutes good research. The overall aim was therefore to describe what constitutes research, and then to use this description to develop a model of research practice and to .
Quantitative risk management in project management is the process of converting the impact of risk on the project into numerical terms.
This numerical information is frequently used to determine the cost and time contingencies of the project. HealthCentral combines medically vetted health information with personal stories about life with chronic health conditions to give you the tools and inspiration to make positive changes, no matter you.
94 IDENTIFYING AND MANAGING SYSTEMIC RISK: AN ASSESSMENT OF OUR PROGRESS * Steven L. Schwarcz** Although a chain of bank failures remains an important symbol of systemic risk.
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Queensland teachers' stories - the bullying, harassment, mobbing, defamation, victimisation, payback, discrimination and systemic incompetence / corruption. HealthCentral combines medically vetted health information with personal stories about life with chronic health conditions to give you the tools and inspiration to make positive changes, no matter you. ASCO’s growing roster of cutting-edge journals serves readers as the most credible, authoritative, peer-reviewed resources for significant clinical oncology research and research that informs the delivery of efficient, high-quality cancer care across the globe.