Posted in ComplianceCorporate EnforcementCriminal EnforcementCross-Border Enforcement IssuesItaly Companies operating in Italy should take note of an important change in Italian law introducing more comprehensive regulations on whistleblowing procedures in the public and non-financial private sector. Among other relevant aspects, Law No. Prior to Law No.
Nationalism[ edit ] Benito Mussolini and Fascist Blackshirt youth in Italian Fascism is based upon Italian nationalism and in particular seeks to complete what it considers as the incomplete project of Risorgimento by incorporating Italia Irredenta "unredeemed Italy" into the state of Italy.
It follows a policy based on three principles: The Fascist state is a will to power and empire. The Roman tradition is here a powerful force. According to the Doctrine of Fascism, an empire is not only a territorial or military or mercantile concept, but a spiritual and moral one.
One can think of an empire, that is, a nation, which directly or indirectly guides other nations, without the Italian private law to conquer a single square kilometre of territory.
Irredentism and expansionism[ edit ] Further information: Spazio vitaleItalia irredentaMare NostrumItalian Empireand Italianization Fascism emphasized the need for the restoration of the Mazzinian Risorgimento tradition that pursued the unification of Italy, that the Fascists claimed had been left incomplete and abandoned in the Giolittian -era Italy.
To the east of Italy, the Fascists claimed that Dalmatia was a land of Italian culture whose Italians, including those of Italianized South Slavic descent, had been driven out of Dalmatia and into exile in Italy, and supported the return of Italians of Dalmatian heritage.
In the s, Italy regarded Portugal as a weak country that was unbecoming of a colonial power due to its weak hold on its colonies and mismanagement of them and as such Italy desired to annexe Portugal's colonies.
Within Italy, the Italian Empire and territory identified as spazio vitale for Italian private law a cultural-racial hierarchy that ranked the peoples in terms of value who lived there was clearly defined byduring which plans for Italy's spazio vitale were being formalized by the regime.
Indian independence movement leader Mahatma Gandhi visited Italy in and was invited by Mussolini for a personal visit, providing Gandhi full diplomatic courtesy.
Coon in his work The races of Europe subscribed to depigmentation theory that claimed that Nordic race's light-coloured skin was the result of depigmentation from their ancestors of the Mediterranean race.
Due to the darker complexion of Mediterranean peoples, Hitler regarded them as having traces of Negroid blood and therefore were not pure Aryans and inferior to those without such heritage. Mussolini rebuked Nazism's Nordicism, claiming that the Nazis' emphasizing of a common Nordic "Germanic race" was absurd by saying that "a Germanic race does not exist.
Nordic, Mediterranean, DinaricAlpine and East Baltic while asserting that the Nordics were the highest in a racial hierarchy of the five types. InMussolini decided to launch a racial programme in Italy and was interested in the racial studies being conducted by Giulio Cogni.
In June in a meeting with PNF members, Mussolini identified himself as Nordic and declared that previous policy of focus on Mediterraneanism was to be replaced by a focus on Aryanism.
The question of racism in Italy must be treated from a purely biological point of view, without any philosophical or religious implications. The conception of racism in Italy must be essentially Italian and along Aryan-Nordic lines. This does not mean however that German racial theories are being accepted word for word in Italy and that Italians and Scandinavians are the same.
It merely wishes to indicate to the Italian people a physical model and even more importantly a psychological model of human race that on account of its purely European characteristics is completely distinct from all extra-European races.
This means to elevate the Italian to an ideal of superior consciousness of himself and to a greater sense of responsibility. Manifesto of Race and Italian Racial Laws In his early years as Fascist leader, while Mussolini harboured negative stereotypes of Jews he did not hold a firm stance on Jews and his official stances oscillated and shifted to meet the political demands of the various factions of the Fascist movement, rather than having any concrete stance.
These bankers are bound by ties of blood to those Jews who in Moscow as in Budapest are taking their revenge on the Aryan race that has condemned them to dispersion for so many centuries.
In Russia, 80 percent of the managers of the Soviets are Jews, in Budapest 17 out of 22 people's commissars are Jews. Might it not be that bolshevism is the vendetta of Judaism against Christianity??
It is certainly worth pondering. It is entirely possible that bolshevism will drown in the blood of a pogrom of catastrophic proportions. World finance is in the hands of the Jews. Whoever owns the strongboxes of the peoples is in control of their political systems.
Behind the puppets making peace in Paris, there are the Rothschildsthe Warburgsthe Schiffs, the Guggenheims who are of the same blood who are conquering Petrograd and Budapest. Race does not betray race Bolshevism is a defense of the international plutocracy.
This is the basic truth of the matter. The international plutocracy dominated and controlled by Jews has a supreme interest in all of Russian life accelerating its process of disintegration to the point of paroxysm. A Russia that is paralyzed, disorganized, starved, will be a place where tomorrow the bourgeoisie, yes the bourgeoisie, o proletarians will celebrate its spectacular feast of plenty.
It is better to leave them alone. Hitler's antisemitism has already brought him more enemies than is necessary". Infrustration arose in the regime over Zionism in which Mussolini responded to the Italian Zionist Congress by publicly declaring a question to Italy's Jews on their self-identity: Zionist and anti-Zionist Jews responded, the anti-Zionist Jews professed they were religious Jews as part of the Italian nation, while Zionist Jews declared that there was no dispute between Zionism and said that all Italian Jews held patriotic respect for Italy.
My intention was to seek a clarification among Italian Jews and to open the eyes of Christian Italians.of public international law and its relationship to internal law.
Since the aim of private international law was taken to be the solution of interntional difficulties 'On the Italian rules of private international law, as stated in the preliminary provisions to the civil. Italian law and street photography by Andrea Monti.
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Italian Private Law (UT Austin Studies in Foreign and Transnational Law) [Guido Alpa, Vincenzo Zeno-Zencovich] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Italian Private Law provides an excellent overview and analysis of Italian private law and its transition from the early twentieth century legal tradition to a system based on .
Private Clients and Non-Italian Lawyers - For Italian Legal Topics See Services Free Initial Consultation () Our offices address Italian case law in two areas: Italian Civil & Administrative Law. In Italy, issues of private international law are governed by Act of 31 May , which replaced sections 16 to 31 of the general legal provisions of the Civil Code.
See the attached list (PDF File 12 KB) for the multilateral international conventions in force in Italy. The bilateral conventions.