A discussion of the issue of the drug war and border relations

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A discussion of the issue of the drug war and border relations

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Works Cited Introduction Wide consensus exists that the international drug trade poses significant health and national security risks for the nations of the Americas. Throughout the s, the "war on drugs" which was promoted by the Reagan and Bush administrations in Latin America focused on stopping this scourage of drugs at the source.

Latin American governments were strongly pressured by the United States to intensify their drug control efforts, producing a "narcoticization" of bilateral diplomatic relations in several cases.

After years of pursuing this strategy, its effects are apparent. The broad failure of U. This paper attempts to examine where the United States has been with regard to its Latin American drug control policy and realistically define the illicit drug phenomenon in the Americas. It also examines the militarization of drug control efforts by the United States and the effects these programs have had on Latin American countries during the past decade.

Finally, the paper explores how the "drug war" has impacted other U.

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The sharp increase in illicit drug use in the United States during the decade prompted the government to adopt a policy that has remained relatively consistent for over twenty years. Starting with Operation Intercept, a rigorous inspection program along the U.

Policymakers assume that the best way to reduce domestic illicit drug consumption is to reduce the supply of drugs entering the United States from international locations. If drug supply can be "contained" and eliminated, the model holds that U. The United States has experienced some success with this strategy that reinforced policymaker faith in the containment model.

A change in opium production methods in Turkey, from illicit opium gum to "poppy straw concentrate", made illicit production of opium poppy and heroin more controllable.

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This technological change and subsequent enforcement actions by the Turkish and U. Each of these successes were short term, but none-the-less convinced U. The traditional emphasis of the United States in drug control was summarized well by former President George Bush.

He stated "The logic is simple His statement demonstrates that the United States views the drug problem as fundamentally beginning with the drug producing nations. It also reveals that the policy "costs" of such programs are measured relative to the United States, and unfortunately have not historically included the high costs borne by Latin American countries for these efforts.

The supply side emphasis of U.

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Approximately seventy percent of drug control funds have historically been targeted for the supply side, which includes interdiction, eradication, lab destruction and law enforcement efforts to disrupt trafficker organizations and distribution.

The remaining thirty percent has been directed at the demand side of the illicit drug equation, supporting treatment programs for addicts and drug abuse prevention programs. During the s, some U. Expectations for the Andean eradication campaign, to be intensified inwere that "the end result, after five years, would be the complete elimination of the coca problem in Latin America" Van Wert, Such unrealistic expectations were a product of the containment model of drug control, which failed to accurately assess the fundamental nature of the international drug trade.

Unrealistic goals continue to be set for U. As an example, the April U. S International Narcotics Control Strategy Report stated that in Bolivia, the "strategic goal of the counternarcotics program is to reduce, and eventually eliminate, Bolivian production of illicit coca and refined cocaine products and the demand for narcotics" INCSR While this goal may sound appealing to U.

To maximize its leverage with Latin American governments, the United States has strongly favored bilateral over multilateral agreements.Port official says long-term trade war can hurt both the US and China. Fortnite: save the world – is a cooperative game which you can play by teaming up with three other players!

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The benefits of education Timeline of the Mexican Drug War Due to its location, Mexico has long been used as a staging and transshipment point for narcotics and contraband between Latin America and U. Mexican bootleggers supplied alcohol to the United States gangsters throughout the duration of the Prohibition in the United States[36] and the onset of the illegal drug trade with the U.
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Top International Stories Timeline of the Mexican Drug War Given its geographic location, Mexico has long been used as a staging and transshipment point for narcotics and contraband between Latin America and U. Mexican bootleggers supplied alcohol to the United States gangsters throughout the duration of the Prohibition in the United States[37] and the onset of the illegal drug trade with the U.
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This is a type of shooter-survival game where players have to fight AI-controlled enemies, called husks, and mysterious zombie like creatures. Canada–United States relations refers to the bilateral relations between Canada and the United States of ashio-midori.comons between Canada and the United States of America historically have been extensive, given a shared border and ever-increasing close cultural, economical ties and similarities.

A discussion of the issue of the drug war and border relations

The shared historical and cultural heritage has resulted in one of the most stable and mutually. Copies posted here may not be the most recent. Check at Penny Hill Press site to see if a more recent version is available.. The U.S.

The Mexican Drug War (also known as the Mexican War on Drugs; Spanish: guerra contra el narcotráfico en México) is the Mexican theater of the U.S. led War on drugs, an ongoing, asymmetric conflict between the Mexican Government and various drug trafficking ashio-midori.com , when the Mexican military began to intervene, the government's principal goal has been to reduce drug-related. Port official says long-term trade war can hurt both the US and China. Why Our Drug Laws Have Failed and What We Can Do About It: A Judicial Indictment of the War on Drugs [James Gray] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A California Superior Court judge attacks the War on Drugs, describing the harm it has caused and laying out the other options--ranging from education and drug treatment to different strategies for taking the profit out of drug.

Embassy to Italy has done an excellent job of organizing many of the State Department copies of CRS reports. Why Our Drug Laws Have Failed and What We Can Do About It: A Judicial Indictment of the War on Drugs [James Gray] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

A California Superior Court judge attacks the War on Drugs, describing the harm it has caused and laying out the other options--ranging from education and drug treatment to different strategies for taking the profit out of drug.

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selected Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports